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The Civil War

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April 12,1861 - May 13,1865

Prisoners of War

 

 

Pvt. Albert M. Adams, U.S. Army

Company F, 2nd Regiment Iowa Volunteer Cavalry, 2nd Brigade,

5th Division , Wilson's Cavalry Corps, Military Division of Mississippi

Prisoner of War, December 17, 1864, West Harpeth River, TN., age 20

Ft. Sumter Prison Stockade, Andersonville, GA.

 

    Albert Adam was born in Orange County, VT. When the Civil War began he was living in Leicester and worked as a farmer. With his parent's consent Albert Adams enlisted on August 20, 1862 at the age of 18, joining Company F, 42nd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry. They were sent as part of Gen. Banks' Expedition to New Orleans, LA. in the fall of 1862. Here they saw garrison and coast guard service. The 42nd Massachusetts returned home and the men were mustered out of service on September 30, 1863.

 

    Albert Adams for whatever reason ended up in Iowa where he reenlisted into Company F, 2nd Iowa Voluntary Cavalry at Ft. Dodge, Iowa on September 9, 1864. He was involved in three open engagements, two directly infront of Nashville, TN. on December 15 and 16, 1864 and at West Harpeth River near Franklin, TN. on December 17, 1864. It was on a charge at West Harpth River that Pvt. Albert Adams was taken prisoner by the Confederate Army of Gen. John Hood. He was marched 590 miles to Meridian, MS. in winter conditions where the ground was frozen solid or was cold mud. The prisoners had to forage for food and Pvt. Adams made the last half of the march barefooted. He also came down with cronic diarrhea during the march and did not recover from it until the winter of 1865 long after his release after the end of the war. From Meridian, MS they were transported by rail in stockcars to Camp Sumter, Andersonville, GA. Ft. Sumter Prison Stockade was the official name of the Andersonville Prison. While at Andersonville Prison the daily food ration consisted of 1/3 cup of corn meal, 3 ounces of meat, 1/3 pint of beans, 1 tsp. salt, and 2/3 gill of molasses. Just after the end of the war on April 17, 1865 they left the stockade by rail to Macon, GA. then back on the same route to Albany, GA. They then marched to Thomasville, GA and boarded a train to Jacksonville, FL. arriving on April 29, 1865 back in U.S. Army custody. Pvt. Adams was honorably discharged in August 1865.

 

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Corporal Augustus Adams, U.S. Army

Company K, 25th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Unattached United States Forces, Department of Virginia and North Carolina

Prisoner of War, May 16, 1864, Battle of Drewry's Bluff, VA.

Died in Florence Prison, Tuesday February 16, 1865, Florence, SC., age 28

 

   Augustus Adams lived in the section of Rochdale then known as Clappville. He was a student in the English Department at Leicester Academy in 1854. Augustus Adams was 5 feet 7 1/2 inches tall with blue eyes, light brown hair and a light complexion. Prior to joining the army he worked as a teamster and was single. Cpl. Augustus Adams was initially sent to Libby Prison in Richmond, VA. He was then sent to Andersonville Prison in Georgia. When Gen. William T. Sherman began his invasion of Georgia the Confederates began to evacuate Andersonville Prison and sent the POW's to other facilities. Cpl. Augustus Adams was transfered to Florence Prison in Florence, SC. This stockade was meant to hold 2,500 men but with these transfers the prisoner population quickly swelled to over 10,000 causing severe shortages of food and terrible sanitary conditions. Cpl. Augusts Adams died at Florence Prison of cronic dysentry and was buried in the prison cemetery. This cemetery consisted of 16 burial trenches in which 2322 men are buried. The trenches are marked only with a stone at either end, none of these graves were individually marked.

 

Cpl. Augustus Adams

Florence National Cemetery

Florence, SC.

Grave marked "Unknown"

 

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Private William M. Davis, U.S.Army

Company E, 15th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps, Army of the Potomac

Prisoner of War, October, 21, 1861, Battle of Ball's Bluff, Leesburg, VA.

Libby Prison, Richmond, VA. Paroled home late February 1862.

Died at home of illness Wednesday March 10, 1862, age 24.

 

   William Davis was born in New Market, NH. His family moved to Leicester in the 1850's and lived in a section of Rochdale that was known then as Clappville. William had two older brothers, George and Alfred. William and George enlisted the same day, July 12, 1861, into the 15th Massachusetts. Alfred later enlisted into the 12th Massachusetts. Alfred died of wounds at the Battle of Antietam in September 1862 and George was killed in action in May 1864 during the Battle of the Wilderness.

   At the Battle of Ball's Bluff near Leesburg, VA. across the Potomac River from Poolesville, MD., Pvt. William Davis and his brother George were taken prisoner. They were held at Libby Prison in Richmond, VA. and were both paroled that following February. Prison parolees were generally in poor health and William Davis returned home with tuberculosis. He died at home in Clappville on March 10, 1862 just a couple of weeks after being paroled  His funeral was held on March 12, 1862 and he was laid to rest at Greenville Baptist Cemetery, Pleasant St., Rochdale. His grave is in the lower back corner closest to the Greenville Pond dam.

 

 

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Private Edwards D. Farr, U.S. Army

Company I, 2nd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, V Corps, Army of the Potomac

Wounded in Action August 9, 1862, Battle of Cedar Mountain, Culpeper, VA.

Prisoner of War, August 10, 1862, Culpeper, VA.

Liberated in cavalry raid August 10, 1862

Died of illness from wounds, April 7, 1863, Boston, MA. age 20.

 

    Edwards D. Farr was born in Harvard, MA. on March 8, 1843. His parents both died when Edwards was young and he and his sister grew up in Leicester in the home of his uncle, Daniel Upham. Edwards attended Leicester Academy in the Classical Department in 1853 and 1854. He was working as a seaman when he enlisted in Boston on May 25, 1861. He mustered the same day at Roxbury into the 2nd Massachusetts at the age of 19.

   The 2nd Massachusetts fought in the Shenandoah Valley in April, March, and May 1862 in the pursuit of Confederate Gen."Stonewall" Jackson. They were later assigned to the forces of Gen. John Pope for his Northern Virginia Campaign which began on August 6, 1862. The first major battle of this campaign was the Battle of Cedar Mountain fought on August 9, 1862. During this battle Pvt. Edwards Farr was severely wounded in the ankle and was left behind where he fell on the battlefield as the fighting moved throughout the day. He crawled off the field to the edge of a road where he fashioned a pair of crutches from branches with his knife. The next day August 10, 1862 he was taken prisoner. However later that day the wagon train he was being transported on was raided by Union cavalry and he was taken back and sent to a hospital in Alexandria, VA. He was discharged for disabilities on February 14, 1863 and came home to Leicester. His wounds were not fully healed and an infection set in and his family took him to Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston for treatment. The doctors recommended amputation of the limb and the operation was performed on March 28, 1863. Due to his weakened condition from the infection and the loss of blood during the amputation his condition worsened and he died in the hospital on April 7, 1863. He was taken home and his funeral was held on April 10, 1863.

 

Pvt. Edwards D. Farr

Pine Grove Cemetery

Pine St.

Leicester, MA.

 

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Private William Fearnley, U.S. Army

Company E, 25th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, Unattached United States Forces, Department of Virginia and North Carolina.

Prisoner of War, May 16, 1864, Battle of Drewry’s Bluff, VA.

Died in Andersonville Prison, Sunday, August 7, 1864, Andersonville, GA., age 41.

 

   William Fearnley was born in England. He lived in Leicester and had a family. He stood 5 feet 7 1/2 inches tall with blue eyes, auburn hair and a light complexion. He was working as a jack spinner in the textile industry when he enlisted. William Fearnley enlisted on July 28, 1862 and mustered into Federal service on August 1, 1862. He saw action at Heickman's Farm, Pocahontas, and Kingston Cross Roads. Pvt. Fearnley was taken prisoner at the Battle of Drewry's Bluff in Virginia on May 16, 1864. He was sent most likely through a prison in Richmond to Andersonville Prison in Georgia. Pvt. William Fearnley died at Andersonville of scorbutus (scurvy) brought on from malnutrition. He was buried in the prison cemetery which was established as a National Cemetery after the war.

 

Pvt. William Fearnley

Andersonville National Cemetery

Andersonville National Historic Site

Andersonville, GA.

Grave Site No. 4987

 

 

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Private Albert Frisbie, U.S. Army

Company G, 12 Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, I Corps, Army of the Potomac

Prisoner of War, captured Monday, July 1, 1863, Battle of Gettysburg, PA.

Died in Andersonville Prison, Sunday, September 8, 1864, Andersonville, GA., age 22.

   Albert Frisbie was born on January 23, 1844 in Pittsfield, MA. He was raised in Leicester. He enlisted on June 10, 1861 into the 12th Massachusetts. They trained at Ft. Warren in Boston Harbor and mustered into Federal service on June 26, 1861. Pvt. Albert Frisbie was involved in all engagements fought by the 12th Massachusetts including the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of March /April 1862; Gen. John Pope's Northern Virginia Campaign of August / September 1862 which included the Second Battle of Bull Run and the Battle of Chantilly; the Battle of Antietam September 16-17, 1862, the Battle of Fredericksburg December 12-15, 1862; the Battle of Chancellorsville April 27-May 6, 1863; and the Battle of Gettysburg July 1-4, 1863. It was at Gettysburg on July 1, 1863 that Pvt. Frisbie was taken prisoner. He was sent to Belle Isle Prison and then to Libby Prison both in Richmond, VA. and was transfered to Andersonville Prison in Georgia. Pvt. Albert Frisbie died at Andersonville of scorbutus (scurvy) brought on from malnutrition and was buried in the prison cemetery.

Pvt. Albert Frisbie

Andersonville National Cemetery

Andersonville National Historic Site

Andersonville, GA.

Grave Site No. 8186

 

 

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Private Charles Adams Gleason, U.S. Army

Company D, 15th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, II Corps, Army of the Potomac

Prisoner of War, September 17, 1862, Battle of Antietam, Sharpsburg, MD.

Released on parole, date unknown

Prisoner of War, June 22, 1864, Battle of Jerusalem Plank Road, VA.

Died in prison Saturday, November 8, 1864, Millen, GA., age 27

 

    Charles A. Gleason was born on August 20, 1837 in Leicester, MA. He was a student of the English Department at Leicester Academy in 1850, 1851, 1852, 1853, and 1854. His sister Sarah Jane was a school teacher at the South East District Grammar School in Leicester and his sister Mary Ann was a teacher at the South District School. Charles’ father Silas Gleason owned the Pleasant View farm, much of which is now the Hillcrest Country Club. The house right next to the Hillcrest club house was the Gleason’s home. His father Silas was a Leicester Selectman and had in that time considerable wealth. In the 1857 town tax valuations he was listed as owning buildings worth $1500, 22 acres of hay fields and garden, 5 acres of meadowland, 10 acres of woodland, 24 acres of pastureland, 6 acres of spoutland, and 15 acres of unimproved lands. He also owned bank and railroad stocks worth $4704. At the time of his enlistment Charles A. Gleason lived in Leicester and worked as a mechanic / leather dresser.  

    Charles A. Gleason enlisted and mustered into the 15th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry Regiment on July 12, 1861 in Worcester, MA. at the age of 24. He was paid a town bounty from Leicester of $8.00. This money came from $500 that was raised during a special town meeting held on May 4, 1861 for the purpose of paying a $10/month bounty to anyone who would enlist in the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. Charles Gleason’s military records are full of conflictions concerning his death. These are listed below in the chronology of the 15th Massachusetts.

    The 15th Massachusetts left Worcester for Washington D.C. on August 8, 1861 arriving there on August 11, 1861. They were encamped at Camp Kalorama until August 25, 1861 when they then marched to Poolesville, MD. on August 25-27, 1861 to perform picket and outpost duty on the Upper Potomac until October 21, 1861 from Conrad’s Ferry to Harrison’s Island. They were involved in operations along the Potomac from October 21-24, 1861 and participated in the Battle of Ball’s Bluff in Leesburg, VA. on October 21, 1861. The 15th Massachusetts then moved to the western part of Virginia much of which in 1863 became the state of West Virginia. They moved initially to Harper’s Ferry and then to Bolivar Heights until March 7, 1862. They were then in Charlestown until March 10, 1862 and at Berryville until March 13, 1862. From March 13-15, 1862 they were moving toward Winchester, VA. but returned to Bolivar Heights. They then marched back to the Washington D.C. area and were at Fortress Monroe from March 22- April 1, 1862 They participated in the seige of Yorktown, VA. from April 5-May 4, 1862.

    From May 31-June 1, 1862 they fought in the Battles of Fair Oaks and Seven Pines. They were also in fighting near Richmond from June 25-July 1, 1862 includung battles at Peach Orchard and Savage Station on June 29, 1862; White Oak Swamp and Glendale on June 30, 1862; and Malvern Hill on July 1, 1862. They then moved back to Harrison’s Landing until August 15, 1862. From August 15-August 28, 1862 the 15th Massachusetts moved to Alexandria, VA. and then to Centreville from August 29-30, 1862. They were used to cover Gen. Pope’s retreat back to Washington D.C. from August 31- September 1, 1862.

    The 15th Massachusetts was part of the Union forces that were moved to cover and stop Gen. Robert E. Lee’s advance into Maryland and were involved in the Battle of Antietam at Sharpsburg, MD. on September 16-17, 1862. An Army report has him as wounded and missing in action on September 17, 1862 during the Battle of Antietam, at Sharpsburg, MD. A town record states that he was taken prisoner at Antietam but was paroled. He was sent to a camp at Annapolis, MD to recover. It is not known when he returned to his unit for duty but the same town record also states that he participated in all of his regiment’s engagement except Chancellorsville.

    After Antietam Confederate Gen. Lee retreated with the Army of Northern Virginia back across the Potomac River into Virginia and the 15th Massachusetts was assigned to duties at Harper’s Ferry from September 22, 1862 until October 30, 1862.  They then began a series of movements from October 30, 1862 until November 20, 1862 that ended at Falmouth, VA. They were a part of the Army which was in the Battle of Fredericksburg, VA. from December 12-15, 1862. They were also a part of the “Mud March” from January 20-24, 1863. The Mud March was an abortive attempt at a winter offensive by Major General Ambrose Burnside that failed in heavy rains that turned heavily traveled roads into deep mud under the soldiers feet and wagon supply trains.

    In the spring they were in the Chancellorsville Campaign from April 27- May 6, 1863 which saw them fighting at Maryes Heights in Fredericksburg, VA. on May 3, 1863, which was a major defeat for Union forces. They also saw fighting at Salem Heights on May 3-4, 1863 and Banks’ Ford on May 4, 1863. They retired with the Union Army back towards Washington D.C. when information that  Gen. Lee was leading his Army once again north of the Potomac River and was heading into Pennsylvania. The 15th Massachusetts was in the Army that marched to engage them. The two Armies met and fought at Gettysburg, PA. from June 2-4, 1863.

    The next major action for the 15th Massachusetts wasn’t until the early fall when they advanced from the Rappahannock River to the Rapidan River from September 13-17, 1863. They were in the Bristoe Campaign from October 9-22, 1863 and saw action at Bristoe Station on October 14, 1863. They were in the Mine Run Campaign from November 26-December 2, 1863 and saw action at Robertson’s Tavern or Locust Grove on November 27, 1863. They moved to Morton’s Ford on February 6-7, 1864 and were assigned picket duty along the Rapidan River until May 1864.

    In the spring of 1864 the new commanding general of the Army of the Potomac was Gen. U.S. Grant. He was determined to take Richmond and started a series of advances always southward toward Richmond. These relentless campaigns one after the other saw casualty figures soar to unbelievable numbers. However they ultimately caused the collapse of the Confederate Army and the end of the war. The 15th Massachusetts was in the Campaign from the Rapidan to the James River from May-June 1864. They fought in the Battle of the Wilderness on May 5-7, 1864. An Army report, dated just 1864, shows Pvt. Charles A. Gleason being wounded during the Wilderness Campaign and having a fore finger amputated. The 15th Massachusetts also fought at Laurel Hill on May 8, 1864; the fighting around Spottsylvania from May 8-12, 1864 including the Po River on May 10, 1864; the Battle of Spottsylvania Court House From May 12-21, 1864 including the assault on the salient at Spottsylvania Court House on May 12, 1864. They were then in the Battle of North Anna River on May 23-26, 1864. They then fought at Pamunkey on May 26-28, 1864; Totopotomoy from May 28-31, 1864 and were in the Battle of Cold Harbor,VA. from June 1-3, 1864.   

   After Cold Harbor the 15th Massachusetts was in the fighting before Petersburg, VA. on June 16-18, 1864 which saw an initial chance to take the city by Gen. Burnside slip away into a 10 month long seige which saw many battles around the city. The 15th Massachusetts was involved in this seige from June 16-July 12, 1864. They fought at Jerusalem Plank Road on June 22-23, 1864. It was during this battle on June 22, 1864 that Pvt. Charles A. Gleason was taken prisoner. Which is backed up by U.S. Army and Confederate records.  

    An Army report lists him as dying at the Confederate Prison in Salisbury, NC. with no date listed. There is no corroborating evidence to supporting this story. Including records of prisoners held at Salisbury. Several reports from 1864 show Pvt. Gleason being wounded and then others as missing and captured. Two of these accounts do have corroborating reports. One muster roll simply lists Pvt. Gleason as missing in 1864 and another as being capture on June 22, 1864. This later account however is also backed up by Confederate prison records from Andersonville, GA.

                                                                                                       

   An Army report shows him captured on June 22, 1864 at Petersburg, VA. and dying at the Confererate Prison at Millen, GA. in August 1864. Andersonville Prison records in Andersonville, GA. also show his date of capture as June 22, 1864 and a U.S. Army report lists him as dying there on November 8, 1864.

   Yet another Confederate report has him as wounded in May 1864 and dying on November 8, 1864 in the prison at Millen, Jenkins County, GA. This is also supported by the town record of Civil War soldiers which states that after being captured Pvt. Gleason was sent to Libby Prison in Richmond, VA. for a month and then was sent to Andersonville until the middle of September 1864. He was transferred to Savannah, GA. where he remained for 10 days and was then taken to Millen, GA. where he died on November 8, 1864 of cronic diarrhea. Many POW’s were transferred from Andersonville when it was thought that Union forces under Gen. William Sherman were going to try and liberate them. After it was apparent that the Union Army was headed for Savannah, GA. Most prisoners were sent back to Andersonville. Those who died at Millen were disintered after the war was over and reburied at Beaufort National Cemetery. Most of the indentities of the men who died at Millen were lost in the process of reinterment. While those who died at Andersonville were generally indentified and are buried in graves marked with their name.

 

Pvt. Charles A. Gleason

Beaufort National Cemetery

Beaufort, S.C.

Grave marked "Unknown"

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Private Oliver Gosler, U.S. Army

Company E, 57th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 1st Brigade, 1st Division, IX Corps, Army of the Potomac.

POW,  Captured May 12, 1864, Battle of Spottsylvania Court House, VA.

Died in Prison, November 26, 1864, Salisbury Prison, Salisbury, NC., age 19

 

    Oliver Gosler was born in Canada. He lived in Leicester and worked as a laborer. He stood 5 feet, 7 inches tall, with black hair, and dark eyes. He had a relative Francis Gosler who most likely was his father.

 

    Oliver Gosler enlisted on February 13, 1864 for a $325 bounty at the age of 19. He mustered into the 57th Massachusetts on February 18, 1864 in Worcester, MA. A bounty card dated April 18, 1864 states, “J.D. Cogswell’s endorsement on back of order, Payee Francis Gosler, To be paid $325. Pvt. Oliver Gosler fought in all of the battles from the Wilderness to Petersburg.

      There is a lot of confiction about Pvt. Oliver Gosler fate. On the Civil War Memorial Wall in the Leicester Town Hall he is listed as died of wounds on June 7, 1864 at Petersburg, VA. However there is no supporting evidence of this in Army records. His service record in the Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors, and Marines of the Civil War shows him being taken POW in May 1864 and dying in prison that November. In the Record of Massachusetts Volunteers 1861-1865 he is simply listed as missing on May 24, 1864. In the unit history of the 57th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry it mentions that he may have deserted on May 24, 1864, although that entry is modified with a question mark and a statement that it is only from memory.

    From actual U.S. Army records, an Army descriptive roll lists Pvt. Oliver Gosler as missing in action on May 12, 1864 during the Battle of Spottsylvania Court House, VA. In an Army muster roll he is simply listed as missing as of May 24, 1864. A different Army record has Pvt. Oliver Gosler as being buried in a grave at the battlefield in Spottsylvania, VA. The remarks in that record states “Buried in a group of graves with the original headboards near the east face of the salient on a small rise and three quarters of a mile southeast of the McCool house.” On May 12, 1864 the IX Corps’ 1st Division was heavily engaged and suffered most of its casualties during the Battle of Spottsylvania Court House that day. During the Battle of Spottsylvania Court House the IX Corps’ 1st Division casualties were 94 killed, 488 wounded, and 21 missing.

    In a Company muster-out roll Pvt. Oliver Gosler is listed as missing in action since May 24, 1864 and being held in a Confederate prison at Hanover Junction on May 24, 1864. It then states he was transferred on May 28, 1864 to a prison in Richmond, VA. and sent to a hospital there the same day. It then says he was returned to the prison on August 2, 1864. Next, on October 9, 1864, it states he was sent to the Confederate prison in Salisbury, NC. He supposedly died of disease there on November 26, 1864.

    This last information has some possible cooberating information from a data base of Salisbury prisoners compiled by Louis Brown during a 20 year research of Salisbury Prison and a series of books he wrote titled The Salisbury Prison. Also the Salisbury Confederate Prison Association using Mr. Browns data base has listed prisoners by state. In the Massachusetts listing there is a Pvt. Oliver Causlin, Co. E, 57th Massachusetts who died on November 24, 1864. The Civil War Union Soldiers Roll of Honor also lists a Pvt. Oliver Causlin, Co. E, 57th Massachusetts who died at and is buried in Salisbury National Cemetery on November 24, 1864 of diarrhea.  There is no Pvt. Causlin listed at all in any Massachusetts state records of Civil War soldiers or in U.S. Army records, includung the 57th Massachusetts muster rolls. The president of the Salisbury Confederate Prison Association, Sue Curtis, has had several instances of other prisoners whose information match but there were differences in the spelling in the last names due to accents and the education level and spelling abilities of those recording the prisoners names. It is probable that the Pvt. Oliver Causlin in the Salisbury prison records is actually Pvt. Oliver Gosler. The unit information is an exact match and the recorded date of death is only two days apart.

    The Salisbury Prison stockade was established in November 1861 and was designed to hold 2500 prisoners. The first POW’s arrived on December 9, 1861. When Pvt. Oliver Gosler arrived at the prison there were about 3,000 men being held here. The conditions at the prison were not bad overall with an adequate amount of food and good wells for water. However by the fall of 1864 after Gen. Grant suspended the parole program, to keep Confederate parolees from returning to the battle lines and in protest of the Confederates unwillingness to parole black soldiers, the prisoner population at Salisbury swelled to over 10,000 men. This resulted in sanitary conditions that were ripe for the spread of disease and there was not enough food rations for all these men. The resulting unsanitary conditions and poor food rations caused a very high rate of death from disease. At the Salisbury National Cemetery, on the grounds of the old prison, there are the graves of between 6,000 and 11,700 “Unknown” Union POW’s buried in eighteen trenches. This number is in question, Mr. Louis Brown’s research has the estimate at about 5,000 and the Civil War Union Soldiers Roll of Honor, printed in 1869, gives the figure at about 5,100 men buried here. It also lists 3,504 by name and unit including an Oliver Causlin, Co. E, 57 Mass. Each trench is marked by a headstone and a footstone. It is very likely that Pvt. Oliver Gosler is one of these men buried here.

 

Pvt. Oliver Gosler

Civil War Memorial Wall

Leicester Town Hall

Washburn Sq.

Leicester, MA.

 

Pvt. Oliver Gosler

Salisbury National Cemetery

Salisbury, NC.

Grave marked “Unknown” 

  

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Corporal Edwin Hoyle, U.S. Army

Company H, 34th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 1st Brigade, 1st Division, West Virginia

Prisoner of War, June 18, 1864, Lynchburg, VA., age 20.

 

   Edwin Hoyle was a Leicester resident, however, Army records show both Leicester and Millbury as a residence. Edwin was single and worked as a wool sorter. He enlisted on August 2, 1862 at the age of 18 and mustered on August 4, 1862 receiving a $25 bounty. It is not known when but he was promoted to Corporal. Cpl. Edwin Hoyle was wounded in the left groin by a gun shot and taken prisoner at Lynchburg, VA. on June 18, 1864. He spent six months in Andersonville Prison. On December 23, 1864 he was released in a prisoner exchange at Charleton, SC. and was transported to Camp Parole, Annapolis, MD on board the steamer Illinois. He was sent home on possibly on February 17, 1865. Cpl. Hoyle was sent to Dale Hospital in Worcester, MA. with pneumonia. In a March 1865 muster roll Cpl. Hoyle was reported as missing from a hospital in Worcester, MA. In April 1865 Cpl. Hoyle was reported as being at Chester Hospital in the Department of Philadelphia. Cpl. Edwin Hoyle returned to his regiment and was discharged on June 16, 1865 at Richmond, VA. after the war was over.

 

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Private Eugene D. Lacount, U.S. Army

Company F, 25th Regiment Massacusetts Volunteer Infantry, 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XVIII Corps, Department of North Carolina

Prisoner of War, May 16, 1864, Battle of Drewry's Bluff, VA., age 20.

    Eugene Lacount was born in Spencer. He lived in Leicester and was a student when he enlisted and mustered on July 18, 1862 at the age of 18. He received a $100 bounty from the town. Eugene Lacount stood 5 feet 10 ½  inches tall with light brown hair, gray eyes, and a light complexion. Pvt. Eugene Lacount reenlisted on January 2, 1864 at Newport News, VA. he was 19 at the time. Pvt. Lacount was wounded and taken prisoner on May 16, 1864 at the Battle of Drewry’s Bluff, VA. He was paroled soon after and was listed in a hospital roll dated September 22, 1864 as in Ward 36 in the hospital at Camp Parole, Annapolis, MD. He rejoined his regiment and was transferred during a reorganization on October 5, 1864 from Company F to Company B. Pvt. Lacount came home on furlouhg on October 31, 1864 until December 31, 1864. He was mustered out of the Army on June 29, 1865.

 
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Pvt. Emerson Stone, U.S. Army

Company K, 25th Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, XVIII Corps, Department of Virginia and North Carolina

Prisoner of War, May 16, 1864, Battle of Drewry’s Bluff, VA., age 23.

 

    Emerson Stone was born in Tuscaloosa, Alabama. He was married and lived in Leicester working as a card maker. Emerson was 5 foot 5 ¾ inches tall with blue eyes, brown hair, and a light complexion. He enlisted on April 19, 1861 and mustered on May 19, 1861 into the 3rd Battalion of Rifles, The Holden Rifles, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia. He mustered out of the Holden Rifles on August 3, 1861. On August 19, 1861 he enlisted into the 25th Massachusetts and mustered on September 10, 1861, age 21. He was appointed a Sergeant until May 1, 1863 and then as 1st Sergeant until November 1, 1863 and then as a Private. He reenlisted on January 18, 1864 at Newport News, VA. On May 16, 1864 at the Battle of Drury’s Bluff he was severely wounded in the lower left arm and taken prisoner. At a Confederate field hospital his arm was amputated. He was sent to General Hospital No. 21 in Richmond, VA. where he was held until his parole on August 16, 1864. Sgt. Emerson was sent to the hospital at Camp Parole, Annapolis, MD. and was in Ward 36. At Annapolis he was passed by a Board of Examination of the U.S. Government for a promotion to Captain but he did not accept the commission. He was discharged on October 17, 1864.

  
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Private Andrew Stowe, U.S. Army

Company H, 2nd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Heavy Artillery, 2nd  Brigade, 3rd Division, II Army Corps, Army of the Potomac

Prisoner of War, April 20, 1864, Plymouth, NC.

Died, October 10, 1964, Andersonville Prison, Andersonville, GA., age 29

 

    Andrew Stowe was born in Lancaster, MA. He was a native of Leicester. Andrew was 5 foot 6 ½ inches tall with grown eyes, light hair, and a light complexion. He enlisted on December 3, 1863 and mustered in on December 9, 1863 at Camp Meigs, Readville, MA. His enlistment was credited to Lynn, MA. Some muster rolls list his residence as Lynn and others Haverhill, MA. His name is misspelled as Stone on several rolls and on his headstone at Andersonville National Cemetery. Andrew Stowe was working as a shoemaker when he enlisted. Company H was sent along with Company G to Plymouth, NC. where they relieved Company D and E. The Union garrison at Plymouth, NC. on the Albemarle Sound was manned by four infantry and artillery units totalling about 3,000 men. In the spring of 1864 Gen. Robert E. Lee dispatched Gen. Robert F. Hoke’s Division from the Army of Northern Virginia to North Carolina to take back several seaports and break the Union blockade of goods and arms and open other lines of communication. The first port to be attacked was Plymouth, NC. on the Albemarle Sound at the mouth of the Albemarle River. They were attacked by a combined operation of Gen. Robert F. Hoke’s Division, 13,000 men strong, and the C.S.S. Albemarle, a Confederate ironclad ram. The initial ground attack began in the late afternoon of April 17, 1864. The assaults continued all the next day but the well entrenched Union forces in Ft. Comfort and Ft. Williams with the help of Union gunboats inflicted heavy losses among the attacking Confederates. On April 19, 1864 the C.S.S. Albemarle came down the Albemarle River and sank the U.S.S. Smithfield, damaged the U.S.S. Miami and drove off the other Federal warships supporting the land garrison at Ft. Comfort and Ft. Williams.The Union forces fell back to Ft. Williams. Cut off by sea and surrounded on land with no help or relief in sight, the garrison was surrendered at 10:00 AM the next day April 20, 1864. Pvt. Andrew Stowe along with nearly the entire compliment of Company G and Company H of the 2nd Massachusetts Heavy Artillery were taken prisoner. He was sent to Camp Sumter, Andersonville Prison where he died of chronic diarrhea on October 10, 1864. Some Died in Prison Rolls list his date of death as October 1, 1864. His family in Leicester received monetary assistance from the town and state.

 

Pvt. Andrew Stowe (His name is misspelled Stone on his headstone)

Andersonville National Cemetery

Andersonville National Historic Site

Andersonville, GA.

Section H, Site 10181

 

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